A Travellerspoint blog

Saving money when travelling to City Aiports.

Part 1

On this series of my Blog. These will be about the cheapest way to travel to citys for a cheaper price. Although flying is usually the quickest and easiest way of getting to citys, there are also other ways.

Some other ways from the United Kingdom to Europe are;

  • Ferry - France - Ferry's run from the south cost of England. One of the biggest ferry ports is Dover were there are ships to the well known Calais ferry port in France. However there are also Ferrys which go to the Rotterdam in the Netherlands. Also is you want to go to Normandy in France one of the fastest ways is crossing from Plymouth, Devon to Rosscoff. This is a five hour crossing by day and six hours by night. This is a nice way to travel across and a nice way to start a French holiday as you can relax in a Cabin of your choice. Other crossings to France are from Portsmouth to St Mallo.
  • Ferry - Spain - One of the only ways to travel to Spain by ferry is from Plymouth to Santander or Portsmoth to Bilbio. This crossing takes around 24 and a half hours. Although this takes a long time to cross the post which is used on this route has a lot of things to do. Like a cinema, two restaurants and a small swimming pool. Also there are lots of choices of cabins which range from basic cabins which have a two beds one which is at a normal height and another which comes out of the ceiling. This cabin comes which a radio and an en suite bathroom which has a shower. Then there are cabins with four beds and also Premier cabins which have four beds, tea and coffee, tv (with English channels as well as French) and also a large window.

Next will be by train connections

Posted by kitstravels 06:40 Comments (0)

Day by Day - In Barcelona Learning Spanish on my Own.

My week in Barcelona. My first trip alone

sunny 40 °C

Barcelona Day by day blog

Sunday

I am on the train now looking at the west country side while on my high speed train to Bristol. I have been on the train for about 40 minutes which I am lucky to be on since the train which I had to take from my local town to Newton abbot which is we're all the train stop at which go to Bristol, London and Penzance. My train was delayed from Torquay to Newton abbot so only had about three minutes to get across the bridge. But now I am on the fast train to Bristol at I should be there in about 20 mintues. Then I will get on the Bristol Airport flyer bus to the airport which takes about 20 minutes it think.

So now I am on the plane bound for Barcelona. When I got to Bristol airport today three hours before the departure time when they open the check inn two hours before so I thought that I would have to walk about the airport for a long time before being able to drop my bag at the bag drop. But then after walking around the airport for about 20 minutes, I went to ask the ticket desk if I could check inn for the flight and they said yes which was better for me. So after lining up for about 20 mins I went to the passport control area which only took a short time which was good.

Then when I got through to the departure lounge I went to have a drink and sandwich. Then I ringed my mum so she new I was ok since it was my first time traveling on my own as I am only 15. Then after eating the panini then ringing my mum, I went down stair again to walk around the duty free and the other small range of shops at this airport. Then as. Had about 45 minutes until the gate number was conferred I went to starbucs coffee which is in the departure Lounge which is new to the airport. As there is this coffee shop here in the centre on the departure lounge it means that before there was just standard seating there is less seating. I had an Ice drink which had so much ice in it there was not very much to drink unless you wait for twenty minutes for it to melt. Which I did not have time for since my flight gate number was soon to be confirmed.

So I was now walking to the central part of the departure lounge were there was lots of people standing up and looking like they were about to run the 50 meters. Then suddenly lots of people started to run up stairs. So I looked up at the board were it says gate 13 for Barcelona. So I started to "fast walk my way up the stair to. Then I was trying to think why everyone was running the gate since there is still 45 minutes until departure? Then I thought that it must of been because it is a "sit anywhere" style airline like most airlines. But then...

I started to walk up the stair to we're is said gates 11 to 15 so I started to walk through the door which lead to these gates which I guessed it was only 10 meters. But then gussed why these people were getting ready to do the 50 metre run which is more like the 400 meter run. It is beacause I looked at the sign and I said "gate 13 - 450 metres". So seeing this started to walk very fast. When I was going past everyone I was thinking to my self " I'm not getting a centre seat!". Which I think drove me further to get to the gate quickly.

Then I got to the gate and went through were you show your boarding card and passport were I was think again that someone would stop me and say "why are you traveling on your own at 15?". But still no one had said anything. Then I boarded the plane and got a seat which was on the aisle. But what is next? Customs in Barcelona .... Let's see how that goes

When I landed in to Barcelona the second I got out of the plane on the steps I could feel all the heat which rushed on the my face it was very hot considering it was 21:20. Then when I got of the bus from the plane I started to line up for the customs and it was tacking some time since there were 3 flights just arriving at only one person checking passports. But when he checked my passport well... He just looked at the front of it didn't even look at the picture!

Then after waiting for the slow baggage handlers to get the bags off the plane. But when I was waiting for my bags it seemed that it was me and to other parties waiting for the bags and everyone else had got theirs, so I was starting to panic and thinking since mine is gray with four wheel (like all the others!) someone had taken mine. But then just when I was about to loose hope there it was coming to me in the distance!

When the next task was trying to find my transfer, which I found online with the cheapest company I could find which was 39€. I was looking around then I could see all the prebooked transfers driver waiting with their suites on waiting for People, so I was thinking I hope that is one of mine. But then mine was there with the only which was not wearing a suit ! But all well, I after a short walk to his taxi he stared to drive. Then when. Booked it there was two options one was pay online and the other pay the driver and I selected pay the driver. So it must of been my lucky day because I said do you want the money now and since his English was bad me just said No euros .

So finally I arrived to my host family at around 10:30pm. To find her waiting for me with a cup of hot chocolate in her hand which was night before I went to bed ready for a full day.

Monday

So day was my first day at my Spanish school. I woke up at 07:00 am to leave at 07:45. Originally I was going to take the metro but then my host mother said she would walk me and the other girl to her school , then take me to mine. The walk takes around 30 mins. So I got there at around 08:20.

Then the people who were joining today were had to be there at 08:30. Then i went in we're I had my placement test. Them met a few people before being giving my class number to go the the class. Then one of my friends has giving her class before me. Then we started to think that we might be given the afternoon lesson which would of be bad because then it is harder to sight see in the city.

But I got the morning lesson, when I got to my class they welcomed me with ¡Holla! And them we stared to work, until 11:20 when you have a 20 mins break then get another teacher. I thought that the second teacher was better then the first teacher, as the second teacher was more up and about and helping people more then the other.

Anyway then when I finished at 1330. Then one of my friends had a culture class at the school which lasts one hour. So I thought I wonder if I can get from here back to my home stay to drop my books off then come back. So I decided to do that. As I walked to the school this morning this was going to be my first time on the metro. When I got to the station I bought a T10 ticket which has 10 single trips on for 9.65€ which is cheap as to buy one ticket per time is 3,60€. I asked a woman if this is the right train for me and she said yes. So when I got on the train I was looking at the dotes and what confessed me was that on the Paris metro the dotes light go out when arriving at the station and this was different, so I thought I was going the wrong way! So I got off at the next stop thinking I was going the wrong way then I got to the top of the steps and saw that is was the right train ! So then I had t get then next train which was five minutes away. But that's part of traveling! But I only got there five minutes late.

Then when I met them I got back on to the metro and we went to the Las Ramblas which is a lovely street witch leads from the main square right down to the harbour area of Barcelona. On our walk down we had lunch. Then saw all the human statutes were. Real human look like a object and You put some money in the pot to tell when do a robot sequence for a few minutes.

Then when we got to the harbour our first plan was to go on the cable car which goes from the beach right up to the top of the mountain but then tried to walk around to find the tower which we could see but then when we went around a building we noticed that there is water between us and it so be would of had to walk around to a bridge. So we went to cafe and had ice tea which I think is a better idea.

Then we went to the Sagrardia Familla which Is a big chapel which is designed by Gauldi and they are still building it from the designs of Gaudi. I came to Barcelona two years ago and from then we can see how much they have done and they different some parts of it look. Then it was around 19:30 so I decided to go home as dinner was at 20:00. I got home with a few minutes to spare!

Tuesday
Today was my first full day at school. I left then house at 08:50 to get to the school at 0930 by metro I got there at around ten minutes before. Then the class went quite quickly as. Is four hours of Spanish.

Then I went to have lunch with my friends at a cafe which was nice. I have ravioli with a Parmesan sauce which was very nice but it cost 15€ with a drink. As I have set myself 10€ per day Tommorow we will find some were cheaper to eat.

Then we went to parc Guell by metro with which was nice to do. As it is such a big hill there is now an elevator which takes you right to the stop which is so much better for all. We took a lot of pictures of every were which was nice and we spent around two hours there. Then after at around five we went to the Sagrardia Fammilia again to have a drink and a very nice ice cream which was Lemmon Chello flavour which is a Spanish drink like baileys. That was super!
Then I came back home ready for dinner at 20:00.

Wednesday

Today I started my da normally by getting the metro from my local stop which is Hospital Clinic to go to school. Which takes around 30 minutes. Then I had school until 13:30. So then me and my friends got told by someone that there is a cheap place were you can get next to the Sagrida Familia. So we went there for lunch there. It was cheap and nice. You pay 9.95€ then you get salad, unlimited soft drinks and coffee, main meal which was pass based and then desert which is ice cream or fruit. The food was quite nice for the price you pay and the location next to a big tourist landmark like this.

Then after sitting down in the park letting our food go down we went by metro to the cable car which is called a funicular. Which went up and around the parc which is if you look up from the bottom of la Ramblas which is can see. What s interesting is from the top of the mountin you can see the planes coming in to land at Barcelona El Pratt airport as the planes are at the same height as you when you are looking out over the sea. also at the top of the cable car there is an old castle which is think was garded by lots of cannons which were there (although not working!).

Then after although I wanted to take another funicular to the beach which comes out near the Ramblas in Barcelona. You have to pay again and you cannot use a metro card which is thought you could and they it only costs around 1€ if you but a T10 card. So instead we went on the metro to La Rablas which is only one stop which was ok. Then we went and had a drink at in street while looking at all the hustle and bustle which is going on around us. But we were just looking at all the people who were trying to get to places.

Today was a nice day but it has just got to me that I only have 2 days left of school then I am going home on Saturday. But you never know the flight might be canceled so I can day just one more day! This is the first time I want a delayed flight ! But I may not happen.

Friday
Today was my last day at language school and also my last full day in Barcelona before flying home Tomorrow. In the morning I went to school then I went to have lunch which was the same place which we went to on Tuesday. It was nice at I have some ravioli. This had tomato and mozzarella and have a tomato sauce thus was very nice however there was not very many pieces of pasta as before which was odd!

Then after we took the metro to the square then walked down the were I picked up a fan for my Mum which was make out of silk so it is good quality. Then I went down to the bottom of the Ramblas which is by the beach were we had another last look around the harbour area before walking to the top of the, then crossing to the other road which is called Gracia. Then there we stopped to have a drink and I also had an ice cream as it was my last drink and ice cream on my last day.

After we walked back to the bottom were the fountains are we're we had a photo of us three so I could remember then in 5 years time! I have had a great week here in Barcelona were I have learnt a lot of Spanish at school, seen lots of sight but also made lots of friend who live around the world. Which is very good since now I have friends which some are in Germany, France, Spain, Brussels, Italy and also some in china. So I would come again maybe in August.

Saturday

Today I started my day by waking up a little later then usual by around 15 minutes. Then getting ready to go to the airport I was leaving at 11:00. Then the host grandma said do you want to take the dog for a walk while I was getting my bag ready. But I did not want to be rude so I said yes. We walked around the block twice then went to the fruit shop. This took along time since that I was needing to go in 10 mins. But fortunately we got home in time.

Then after saying good bye I left with my suitcase on the metro. When getting on the metro I thought that I would use my ticket on the train to the airport as the metro doesn't go that far yet (but they are building it now). But I could not so I had to buy another ticket so it came to around 5€ which is not bad since the heathrow express train which is the same sort of journey it five times or more expensive then this train.

Then when I got to the airport after 20 mins on the train. I got there about 12:00 I had to go to Terminal 2C which is the easy jet terminal. As I was in terminal 2A I thought that I would just be another group of check inns but NO! I was looking for signs for terminal 2C. Then the signs were leading outside so I started to walk this way. After about 10 minutes of walking I could not see anyone walking the same way so I through that I was going the wrong way as had past all the car parks and the catering area. But then I could see it in the distance.

When I was about to get inside I thought that it was going to be very busy. Like at Bristol then i had to wait for 20 mins in the queue. But the terminal was deserted. It was like I was the only person there. I went to the bag drop which there was no line. So I asked the cheak inn agent if the flight was full and she said yes! So I am thinking were are all these people coming from beacause I am in the denture hall at a cafe now and there maybe 70 people here for 5 flights! So let's see what the flight brings.

Now I am on My flight back to Bristol. But first... When It was about 50 mins before the flight was due to depart went to the area which is was going to depart from, however I did not know what gate it was. I went to sit down by then after around 3 minutes of me sitting down I could see the two people in the orange airline uniform walking toward one of the boarding gates. As my flight was the next to depart as the flight to southend had been put back to 14:50 I was sure that this was going to be my boarding for my flight.

Then I new that my Spanish would be use fall as when they gave the P.A announcement. As they have to say to much information this takes the p.a about 5 mins to do. But luckily I could pick out the words which I needed which was good because then I was 6 th in the queue to get on the plane about from speedy boarding.

Now we were boarding very early and the door were closed by 13:55 and we had tacked off by 14:05 which mean that we will be arriving into Bristol early. The captan has just said that we will be landing into Bristol at 15:05 which s good in some ways but as my train is not until 17:30 I have a long wait at the airport.

So now I am on the train from Bristol temple meads to Newton abbot then on to Torquay. But first about the airport and the commotion side of things. When we landed which was 30 mins early I was first in the queue to get if for customs which was good but then... I got to the customs and up to now I have had no problem at the airport, on the train, with the airlines and even leaving the UK. I gave the customs officer my passport and then she said how old are you and I said 15. The lady then said are your parents waiting out side for you and said no I am getting the train as I am. Then she had to walk away with my passport and ask someone else which maybe is her boss. He came over he was very nice and said how are you getting back and even told were to get I the bus, although I all ready knew I thought this was nice of him. So they let me go and get my bus for my train.

Then when I got to the station I had 1 hour and 45 minutes. So I rang my mum and she said pay for a new ticket to come earlyer. So that is what have down which I thought was a good idea but then when I asked the train manager what time I get in to Torquay he said 19:10 which is only 20 minutes which is annoying as payed an extra £8.00 for this which was more then I payed for the ticket ( which was 7.00).

So now I am on the train coming back home after my great school holiday to Barcelona. After the stress of today which. Think was more stressful coming home then it was going I don't know why? But I few a lot more tired then did last Sunday. In fact last year when I came back from Canada I felt better then this! But who know but know I am on the way home. I hope that you have enjoyed readying this day by day blog. I have no were else planned at the. Moment so I don't know when I am blogging again.

Thank you
Kit.

Posted by kitstravels 03.09.2012 09:04 Archived in Spain Tagged beaches churches boats home barcelona bus city budget break stay blog delays Comments (0)

Barcelona Next Week, My first flight alone !

Next week I am going to Barcelona which is one of the biggest city's in Spain. I am going to Barcelona for one week to go on an intense Spanish course which is i think 5 Hours a day for 5 days. As I have been learning Spanish at my school however it is only 1 Hour 40 Minutes a week.

As this is my first time flying alone this is going to be strange not having to be at the Airport worrying about were the other person is, if they have gone through passport control or not. Also having to follow then round the perfume section of duty free when all you want to do is sit down!

Then having to find an airline which lets 15 year old children fly on their own is another hassle as the low cost Irish airline does not let under 18's fly alone. So the only airline which let 15 year old's fly on their own is British Airways from London Heathrow which would of been better for me. But because we live in the south west my Mum wanted me to fly from Bristol Airport with a low cost airline.

Any way I will not tell you any more so I can give you all the Information next week !

I hope you like it.

Kit

Posted by kitstravels 02:53 Comments (0)

Paris - My day my day Blog !

I went to Paris this year (2012) - From Tuesday until Saturday

sunny 22 °C

Hi every one this is my day my day blog. I wanted to post day by day but the hotel WiFI was expensive so here it is and the end of the week!

Day 1

It is 12:20 and we are 30 Mins in to our two and a half hour journey to Bristol airport for my trip to paris with my school. When I came to school this morning which was normal time.

I had to leave my house as 06:30 which is just earlier then usual as I had my suit case and takes longer to walk to the bus. When I got to school we had 2 and a half hours of quizzes and building an Eiffel Tower which was not the most interesting activities do, however I was told to organise this only a few days before.

So now I am on the coach and just coming out of a town called Totnes in South Devon. Which is now only 2 hours to go of listening to music and checking email every 10 minutes ! Then at the airport doing the same and looking at planes. I will write again later.

After arriving at Bristol airport at around 14:30 we went to the online check in bag drop which is one of the two airline check ins the other being a normal check in. When waiting. Noticed that there was no one waiting in the USual check in just the online one.

The when going through passport control and the metal detectors which made us take every thing off ! We got to the departure lounge which was small however the moment we got in was the moment our flight was called to boarding. When boarding as we are in a school group of 37 when speedy boarding had boarded we got to use another gate.

Then when getting on the aircraft which was an A321 airbus which was taking us to Paris CDG. Then flight was full so there were no seats for people to put there rucksacks on ! The flight only lasts 1 hour therefore the take off is 15 mins then in the air for about 20mins then landing go around 25 mins.

After landing the customs did not take very long only around 30 mins. Then we borded our coach to air hotel in the 17 area. At the hotel we only dropped our luggage of then walked up the road to the Resturant which we eat a set menu at. The food was simple but nice. Then we came back to the hotel to see our room for the first time.

The room which I was shearing with one other person was nice it was a little small and had two bathrooms for some reason one with a shower and an other with the water sink and another toilet. Which I have never had before ! Now it is time for sleep and exited to see what tomorrow with bring.

Day 2

Hi well today was a great day. It was our first day in Paris (although I have been here 2 times before). As we are only here for three full days we are packing it all in today. In the morning we went to the Musse Louve which was great as we had a guided tour around the Louve. Last time we came we also had a guided tour however this one was much better.

Then we made our way on the metro to the Eiffel Tower. Where we were about to bored the lift to the first floor, when they said that the group tower lift was not working. So we made the decision to go to montmarpese tower which is on the other side of Paris so we got the metro there which was two trains and takes around 20 mins. Then when we went up in then lift which is very quick as it goes 207 meters in 50 seconds. At the top there is a cafe and another floor which is outside.

After going up the tower we came back down to earth. We went to the metro and went back to the hotel where we had 2 hours before going to the cafe for our evening meal to get changed. Then we when to the Resturant which was the same as the night before, however Thee was different food. Today there was tomato and mozzarella for a starter,then chicken and French fries, then finished with ice cream.

Then we went back to bed.

Day 3

Today was a leisure day. So we went to Parc Asterix which is a theme park in near Paris by CDG airport. The theme park is baced on the t.v series of the same name.

When traveled there by private coach which was better then before where we had to get the metro to the airport then take the bus. Although this is good for a family. Doing this with 37 students is very hard !

We arrived about 10 Am which is great as this is when the Park opens. However for some reason they where scanning bags therefore we were delayed by a long time about thirty mins due to this. When we finally got there most of the rides had big lines so we went to this Roller Coster which was not on rails more on a road which went very fast ! However we were walking in to the start which looks like no one is there. However we lined up for 30 mins.

After this we walked around to try and find an other ride which had less of a queue, however it's lie euro disney, there is always a queue! So as it came to about 12 we had our lunch which was an over priced hot dog which was 5€ and was not very big. But then we thought we would line up again to go on to the wooden Rollor Coster called Zeus.

As we were lining up for this ride, we saw the sign which was saying a 60 minutes waiting time. Which was ok as it was one of the main rides in the park. So as we were lining up we got to the 40 minutes wait line were I was looking at the ride I noticed that it had stopped ... About 10 mins later of the line not moving and no Trains leaving there was an announcement which was in French which I think said that the waiting time is being hold.

Them about 30 mins of the line not moving this car which was stuck at the top of the big drop started to move and was ok. Then about 10 mins after of the line moving very fast we got on to this huge Rollor Coster which was great.

After this we had to quickly go back to make sure the hold group I there and no one had been lost. Them at 5 pm we left the park to return to central Paris which on the way only took around 45 mins but however on the way back had taken 2 hours because of road works and crashes and what ever else had happened.

However finally we got back to the hotel. Then went to have our breakfast in the Resturant up the road.

Day 4

Today was a sight seeing day. So in the morning we left the hotel at 08:45 to go to Versailles Palace which is located just out side of Paris around 45 mins by coach from our hotel.

On arrival in to Versailles we were around 20 mins late which bad as then we had to wait until the next slot which was 15 mins later. However when we got in to the palace the first room we went on was the one leading to the kings chambers which had some modern art pieces.

One of them looked like some shinny shoes from a distance however when I got up close to then I notices they were made out of different parts of saucepans. Like the heels for the high heel shoes where made out of different size of pans from the smallest and the bottom to the highest at the top.

After having a look through most of the main parts of the palace we went In to the garden which had the same sort of modern art, however in the garden there was two fountains which were identical which looked normal. however when we got up close to it, you could see it was made out of small glass bottles.

Then when boarding the coach we went to norte dame which we had a short look around but then we had lunch for one hour then went around shopping.
When we went on the second outing we went to the fair which had different rides but I just Went on the bumper cars twice !

Then we came back to the hotel and changed but then went out to the Momarte which was a 20 mins walk from the hotel. There we went round looking for post card and things like that. The after as this is the only thing I have wanted out of this trip. So I had a chocolate walfe which was nice but you could tell t was microwaved!

Then we came back to the hotel and went to bed as it was 11 o'clock and we had a flight back to Bristol Tomorrow.

Day 5

Today is the last day in Paris. We are leaving for the airport now by coach to CDG airport. We arrived at the airport ontime around 2 hours and 20 mins before the departure time.

As we were flying with a low cost airline we checked in online. So we were lining up for the bag drop desk, around 2.10 hours before departure. We got told as we were 10 mins early we had to lose our place in the queue and stand some where else for the ten minutes which was slightly to bad.

Then after check in which went well we went through customs which also took along time, because there were only two baggage scanners working. This added along time to standing up ! Then we means we had no time for shopping.

Then eventually when we were boarding we went down these steep spiral stars then got to the bottom were the bus was waiting. When we got on the bus and departed from the gate we were quickly transported to the aircraft. However when we got to the plane they opened the door but did not let us off the bus. We were waiting there for about twenty minutes. Until someone came to the bus said that they had not got the disabled people of the plane with the van which goes up to the plane.

After about half an hour of still waiting and seeing the cabin crew looking out the door pointing to there watches. Then about 10 minutes later we were able to bord the plane 45 mins late. Then when the pilot talked to us she explained all of what happend and the plane was ment to go up to the terminal and use an airbrige, but at the last minute they changed it to stand so they did not plan to youse the van which goes right up to the plane. Then was told we had to wait for another van to come with another person on bord.

Then we arrives in to Bristol 1 hour late but we got a free drink on bord which made people feel better. Then we borded out coach back to Totnes then I walked to the train station to get a taxi.

It was a really long day!

So I hope you like it, my first day by day report.

Please comment thank you K

Posted by kitstravels 05.08.2012 10:47 Archived in France Tagged paris park france hotel school trip theme Comments (0)

Paris on a Budget

Tuesday to Saturday

sunny 23 °C

Tuesday

After having dinner we will go out and have a tour around Paris (by night)
Then we will return to the hotel around 22:30 – 23:00, Ready for a full day in Paris.
Wednesday

After Breakfast at the hotel, we will take the metro to the Louvre Museum. Then in the afternoon we will walk to the Eiffel Tower along the River Seine, then we will go up the Tower (right to the top if you would like!). Then we will take a boat tour along the river Seine. Then Return to the restaurant for Dinner.
Thursday

Today is a “free day”, where you can look around Paris on your own. This is a perfect time for shopping.
Or there is an trip to Parc Asterix which is a theme Parc about 30 Km out of Paris this trip come as an additional cost of 65€, which includes the transport to the Park and the entrance tickets. Then everyone will return for our evening meal.

Friday

Today is the last day in Paris, so we will be travelling to Versailles Palace which is a short train ride away. This place has a boating lake were you can hire a rowing boat to ride on.
Then in the mid afternoon we will return to Paris to go to up the artist quarters of Montmartre which is a small area on the hill where there is a cable car to the top, then have are evening meal here.

You can do this trip for 5 Day's in July, with Flight with a budget airline from the United Kingdom for £425. This is buy staying in hotels a little away from the centre.

If you like the blog subscribe. Also if you would like help with your trip also please ask and comment !

K

Posted by kitstravels 08.06.2012 14:08 Archived in France Tagged bridges churches buildings children paris bus city budget hot cold break week delays Comments (0)

(Entries 1 - 5 of 14) Page [1] 2 3 »